ouvrage Ouvrage

Collective Wisdom. Principles and Mechanisms

 
Edited by: Hélène Landemore, and Jon Elster
 
Cambridge University Press
septembre 2012
 
418 pages
£60.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
James Madison wrote, 'Had every Athenian citizen been a Socrates, every Athenian assembly would still have been a mob'. The contributors to this volume discuss and for the most part challenge this claim by considering conditions under which many minds can be wiser than one. With backgrounds in economics, cognitive science, political science, law and history, the authors consider information markets, the internet, jury debates, democratic deliberation and the use of diversity as mechanisms for improving collective decisions. At the same time, they consider voter irrationality and paradoxes of aggregation as possibly undermining the wisdom of groups. Implicitly or explicitly, the volume also offers guidance and warnings to institutional designers.
 

Table of Contents

 
1. Hélène Landemore, « Collective wisdom: old and new »
2. Emile Servan-Schreiber, « Prediction markets: trading uncertainty for collective wisdom »
3. Gloria Origgi, « Designing wisdom through the web: the passion of ranking »
4. Scott Page and Lu Hong, « Some microfoundations of collective wisdom »
5. Daniel Andler, « What has collective wisdom to do with wisdom? »
6. John Ferejohn, « Legislation, planning, and deliberation »
7. Josiah Ober, « Epistemic democracy in classical Athens: sophistication, diversity, and innovation »
8. Jon Elster, « The optimal design of a constituent assembly »
9. Philippe Urfalino, « Sanior pars and major pars in the contemporary aeropagus: medicine evaluation committees in France and the United States »
10. Christian List, « Collective wisdom: lessons from the theory of judgment aggregation »
11. David Estlund, « Democracy counts: should rulers be numerous? »
12. Hélène Landemore, « Democratic reason: the mechanisms of collective intelligence in politics »
13. Gerry Mackie, « Rational ignorance and beyond »
14. Bryan Caplan, « The myth of the rational voter and political theory »
15. Adrian Vermeule, « Collective wisdom and institutional design »
16. Dan Sperber and Hugo Mercier, « Reasoning as a social competence »
17. Jon Elster, Conclusion
Auteurs et appartenances institutionnelles

Hélène Landemore, Yale University, Connecticut

Jon Elster, Columbia University, New York and Collège de France, Paris

Programme de recherche et institutions partenaires

Voir la note de lecture « La sagesse des foules  » sur La Vie des Idées

Références bibliographiques ou publications associées

Jon Elster, Hélène Landemore (dir.), Collective Wisdom. Principles and Mechanisms, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Date de publication ou de début de la recherche
21 septembre 2012